Around 20% of UK housing is rented.
There are 2 primary Acts of Parliament that impose a statutory obligation on homeowners
regarding the safety of electrical equipment:
1. The Customer Protection Act 1987 landlords electrical testing obligations.
2. The Safety and health at Work etc. Act 1974
The Customer Protection Act affects all persons who let property throughout their business because it defines they as «suppliers», i.e. they are supplying goods to the tenant. There are numerous components of secondary legislation throughout the umbrella of your Consumer protection Act which can be directly strongly relevant to the supply of electrical goods, including:
1. The Low Voltage Electrical Equipment Regulations 1989
2. The Electrical Equipment (Safety) Regulations 1994
3. The Typical Product Safety Regulations 1994
4. The Plugs and Sockets etc. (Safety) Regulations 1994
Electrical Safety in Rental Property
In addition to the Landlord’s Common Law duty of care, the Landlord & Tenant Act 1985 (and plenty of other statutory regulations see below)demands that the electrical products are dependable at the start of every single tenancy and looked after in a safe condition during the tenancy.
Electrical hazards will also be engrossed in the Housing Safety and health Rating System within the Housing Act 2004.
In the event of commercial premises and houses in multiple occupation there exists a statutory duty within the Regulatory Reform Fire Safety Order 2005 for almost any liable person (the home manager) to do yearly Fire Safety Risk Assessments, that come with electrical safety risks.
Should you let property to be a landlord you will have to be sure that the electrical system and all of the appliances provided are secure — failure to follow the Electrical Equipment (Safety) Regulations 1994 and also the The Buyer Protection Act 1987 is usually a criminal offence and may lead to:
A penalty of Ј5,000 per non compliant item
Approximately 6 months imprisonment
Possible manslaughter charges when it comes to deaths
The Tenant may additionally sue you for civil damages
Your premises insurance might be invalidated
These regulations are imposed from the Health & Safety Executive.
Essentially, these rules demand a duty on landlords to be sure that all electrical equipment provided by them is safe to be used by the tenant. The Customer Protection Act supplies a defence of ‘due diligence’, for instance a landlord could defend a contravention of the Act if he can demonstrate that they took reasonable steps in order to avoid committing the offence.